Redistribution is Not the Government's Job
The best "redistribution" system is commerce.
When someone produces a useful or otherwise desired product or service to another; wealth is naturally and willingly redistributed to the one who wants that product/service from the one offering that product/service.
It is not the government's duty to bail-out businesses, or individuals or to take "excess" tax from one and give or loan it to others.
It is the government's job to make certain that such robbery does not happen. It is the government's job to make certain that everyone's rights are equally protected -- whether rich or poor.